1And after that I saw thousands of thousands and ten thousand times ten thousand, I saw a multitude 2beyond number and reckoning, who stood before the Lord of Spirits. And on the four sides of the Lord of Spirits I saw four presences, different from those that sleep not, and I learnt their names: for the angel that went with me made known to me their names, and showed me all the hidden things. 3And I heard the voices of those four presences as they uttered praises before the Lord of glory. 4,5The first voice blesses the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever. And the second voice I heard blessing 6the Elect One and the elect ones who hang upon the Lord of Spirits. And the third voice I heard pray and intercede for those who dwell on the earth and supplicate in the name of the Lord of Spirits. 7And I heard the fourth voice fending off the Satans and forbidding them to come before the Lord 8of Spirits to accuse them who dwell on the earth. After that I asked the angel of peace who went with me, who showed me everything that is hidden: 'Who are these four presences which I have 9seen and whose words I have heard and written down?' And he said to me: 'This first is Michael, the merciful and long-suffering: and the second, who is set over all the diseases and all the wounds of the children of men, is Raphael: and the third, who is set over all the powers, is Gabriel: and the fourth, who is set over the repentance unto hope of those who inherit eternal life, is named Phanuel.' 10And these are the four angels of the Lord of Spirits and the four voices I heard in those days.
40:1 After this I beheld thousands of thousands, and myriads of myriads, and an infinite number of people, standing before the Lord of spirits.
40:2 On the four wings likewise of the Lord of spirits, on the four sides, I perceived others, besides those who were standing [before him]. Their names, too, I know; because the angel, who proceeded with me, declared them to me, discovering to me every secret thing.
40:3 Then I heard the voices of those upon the four sides magnifying the Lord of glory.
40:4 The first voice blessed the Lord of spirits for ever and for ever.
40:5 The second voice I heard blessing the Elect One, and the elect who suffer on account of the Lord of spirits.
40:6 The third voice I heard petitioning and praying for those who dwell upon earth, and supplicate the name of the Lord of spirits.
40:7 The fourth voice I heard expelling the impious angels, (40) and prohibiting them from entering into the presence of the Lord of spirits, to prefer accusations against (41) the inhabitants of the earth.
(40) Impious angels. Literally, "the Satans" (Laurence, p. 45; Knibb, p. 128). Ha-satan in Hebrew ("the adversary") was originally the title of an office, not the name of an angel.
40:8 After this I besought the angel of peace, who proceeded with me, to explain all that was concealed. I said to him, Who are those [whom] I have seen on the four sides, and who words I have heard and written down? He replied, The first is the merciful, the patient, the holy Michael.
40:9 The second is he who [presides] over every suffering and every affliction of the sons of men, the holy Raphael. The third, who [presides] over all that is powerful, is Gabriel. And the fourth, who [presides] over repentance, and the hope of those who will inherit eternal life, is Phanuel. These are the four angels of the most high God, and their four voices, which at that time I heard.
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